Normativa professional d'interès neuropsicològic
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|A BRIEF HISTORY (from Hammeke, 1993; http://.../appcn2.html)
The evolution of neuropsychology as a clinical specialty has proceeded at an exponential pace. Peer-reviewed journals, specifically devoted to clinical research and practice in clinical neuropsychology, first appeared in the late 1970's with proliferation in the 1980's. Division 40 (Clinical Neuropsychology) of APA was established in 1980 and clinical neuropsychology was recognized as a specialty by the American Board of Professional Psychology in 1983. A task force sponsored by the International Neuropsychological Society (INS) and Division 40 developed guidelines for training at the doctoral, internship, and postdoctoral levels which were subsequently endorsed by both organizations (Reports, 1987). A group of postdoctoral programs in the Midwest formed a consortium in 1988 to implement the INS/Division 40 training guidelines and facilitate development of program evaluation and accreditation procedures. At the encouragement of the Midwest Neuropsychology Consortium, ABPP sponsored a conference in Minneapolis in September 1991 on the accreditation of postdoctoral programs in professional psychology. This conference was attended by representatives of many national organizations with interests in postdoctoral accreditation. The Minneapolis conference called for the development of national organizations of postdoctoral program directors in each of the postdoctoral specialties. In response, the Midwest Neuropsychology Consortium hosted the inaugural national meeting of postdoctoral clinical neuropsychology training programs in San Diego in February 1992. APPCN grew out of this meeting of program directors. APPCN adopted by-laws and was formally incorporated in 1994. In 1997, APPCN was a sponsor and participated in the further development of guidelines for education and training in clinical neuropsychology at the Houston Conference.
Definition of a Clinical Neuropsychologist
(The Clinical Neuropsychologist 1989, Vol. 3, No.
Attainment of the ABCN/ABPP Diploma in Clinical Neuropsychology
is the clearest evidence of competence as a Clinical Neuropsychologist,
assuring that all of these criteria have been met.
The following requirements are the minimum necessary for successful application for admission to the ABPN oral examination:
2. Minimum of three years professional experience in neuropsychology of which one year may be a supervised neuropsychology internship.
3. Current licensure/certification to practice psychology in a state/territory.
4. Minimum of 500 hours per year during the last five years providing neuropsychological services.
5. Involvement in continuing education in neuropsychology either through having taken or taught in a continuing education program equivalent to one approved by the American Psychological Association or a state, province or territory.
ABPP eligibility guidelines as follows:
B. Experience which may include research, teaching, clinical services, and/or administration.
Once an individual's credentials are approved, the candidates
are notified of their eligibility to take the written examination. The
examination consists of 100 multiple choice items in the areas of Neuropsychological
Assessment, Clinical Neuropsychology, Basic and Clinical Neurosciences,
Behavioral (Clinical) Neurology, and General Clinical Psychology.
(The Clinical Neuropsychologist 2000. vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 261-268
Robert J. Ivnik, Kathleen Y. Haaland and Linas A. Bieliauskas)
This paper updates neuropsychologists on the process of obtaining board certification in clinical neuropsychology through the American Board of Clinical Neuropsychology (ABCN), a specialty board operating under the auspices of the American Beard of Professional Psychology (ABPP). At this titne, the ABPPand ABCN have certified 406 clinical neuropsychologists. which makes it the largest board-certification organization in clinical neuropsychology. This article details the advantages of board certification through the ABCN abd the four steps which must be passed in order to obtain board certification. These steps are: credential review, written exantination, work sample and oral examination.
The mission of the Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology (APPCN) is to foster the development of advanced postdoctoral education and training programs in clinical neuropsychology and to establish standards for residency programs in clinical neuropsychology that lead to the development of competency in this area of specialty practice.
APPCN endorses the Division 40 definition of a clinical neuropsychologist.1 Thus APPCN supports the ABCN/ABPP diplomate as the hallmark of competency in clinical neuropsychology. Programs affiliated with APPCN seek to train residents in clinical competencies that will qualify them for ABCN/ABPP diplomate status. All member directors of APPCN are ABCN/ABPP diplomates. APPCN endorses the scientist-practitioner model of training. Thus APPCN programs provide research and academic experiences in addition to clinical training.
APPCN is not an accrediting body. APPCN supports the activities of the Committee on Accreditation of the American Psychological Association (APA). Through the Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy, APPCN consults to the Committee on Accreditation regarding the development of specialty standards for training in clinical neuropsychology.
APPCN has developed training standards in clinical neuropsychology,
specific ethical standards and a code of conduct, and a uniform notification
date for residency offers. APPCN disseminates information about affiliated
programs. APPCN remains active and vigilant in confronting other issues
relevant to the development of training and practice in clinical neuropsychology.
Doctoral education in clinical neuropsychology. Specialization in clinical neuropsychology begins at the doctoral level which provides the generic psychology and clinical core. In addition, it includes foundations for the study of brain-behavior relations and the practice of clinical neuropsychology. All of these are specified above in Sections VI and VII. Doctoral education in clinical neuropsychology occurs at a regionally accredited institution. All basic aspects of the generic psychology and generic clinical cores should be completed at the doctoral level. The foundation of brain-behavior relationships should be developed to a considerable degree at this level of training. Yet, variability may occur between doctoral programs in the degree to which foundations of brain-behavior relationships and clinical neuropsychology practice are emphasized. Entry and exit criteria for this level are those specified by the doctoral program.
Internship training in clinical neuropsychology. The purpose of the internship is to complete training in the general practice of professional psychology and extend specialty preparation in science and professional practice in clinical neuropsychology. The percentage of time in clinical neuropsychology should be determined by the training needs of the individual intern. Internships must be completed in an APA or CPA approved professional psychology training program. Internship entry requirements are the completion of all graduate education and training requirements including the completion of the doctoral dissertation.
Residency education and training in clinical neuropsychology. Residency education and training is designed to provide clinical, didactic and academic training to produce an advanced level of competence in the specialty of clinical neuropsychology and to complete the education and training necessary for independent practice in the specialty. The postdoctoral residency program is a required component in specialty education in clinical neuropsychology. The expected period of residency extends for the equivalent of two years of full-time education and training. The residency experience must occur on at least a half-time basis.
These programs will pursue accreditation supporting the following assurances.
Each resident spends significant percentages of time in clinical service, and clinical research, and educational activities, appropriate to the individual resident's training needs.
Exit criteria for the residency are as follows:
Eligibility for board certification in clinical neuropsychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology.
PSICÒLEG EXPERT EN NEUROPSICOLOGIA
Acreditació de la Formació
1) Llicenciatura en Psicologia o títol homologat o declarat equivalent
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